Role OF nurse in vitamin A deficiency programme SlideShare

Vitamin A Deficiency - SlideShar

3. • Vitamin A deficiency is a preventable cause of blindness.•. It is a well-known cause of blindness and is associated with elevated mortality among infants and children.•. People most at risk are children between six months to six years, pregnant women, and lactating women.• National Vitamin A prophylaxis program -. Vitamin A is an important micronutrient for maintaining normal growth, regulatingcellular proliferation and differentiation, controlling development, and maintainingvisual and reproductive functions. Diet surveys have shown that the intake ofVitamin A is significantly lower than the recommended daily. Vitamin A deficiency and its consequences resistance to infection More recently, it has been suggested that vitamin A also affects immune competence (2]) Recent data indicate that mortality rates are increased among children with mild vitamin A deficiency (22) and that, in many areas, improvement in vitamin A status can reduce the risk o Chapter 7. Vitamin A. Role of vitamin A in human metabolic processes. Population at risk and consequences of vitamin A deficiency. Units of expression. Dietary sources. Evidence for making recommendations. Determining mean requirements and setting safe levels of intake. Recommended safe intakes • The National Prophylaxis Programme against Nutritional Blindness due to vitamin A deficiency (NPPNB due to VAD) was started in 1970 - with the specific aim of preventing nutritional blindness due to keratomalacia - As an urgent measure to combat the unacceptably high magnitude of xerophthalmic blindness in the country seen in the 1950s and 1960s • The Programme was started as a 100.

Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) affects ocular tissue in two ways: by slowing the regeneration of the visual pigments following exposure to bright light and by disrupting epithelial integrity. The inability to see well in dim illumination (night blindness) is a symptom recorded in ancient Egyptian, Greek. 4.3 Nurses' Role in Prescribing Vaccination 14 4.4 Nurses' Role in Administering Vaccination 15 4.5 Expanding Nurses' Role in Immunisation 16 4.6 Nurse Immunisation Role Engagement by Country 17 4.7 Pfizer additional data analysis undertaken by Dr Timothy Skinner 19 5. Conclusion and Recommendations 2

The SNP is to provide supplementary nutrition and health care services including supply of vitamin A solution and iron and folic acid tablets to pre-school children, and pregnant and lactating.. ICDS programme Vitamin -A deficiency disorder Function, sources, classification of lipids Diet in pregnancy Weaning NIN Principles and methods of cooking Classification and source of protein Food standard Functions of calcium in body Role of nurse in nursing education Methods of preservation SHORT ANSWERS Keratomalacia Methods of food.

2.6.1 Iodine deficiency disorders 13 2.6.2 Vitamin A deficiency 14 2.6.3 Iron deficiency and anaemia 16 2.6.4 Other micronutrient deficiencies 17 2.7 Overweight and obesity 18 2.8 Diet and cancer 20 2.9 Nutrition in transition: globalization and its impact on nutrition patterns and diet related-diseases 21 3 complementarities in programme implementation, e.g., the particularly close link between the improvement of iron status and that of vitamin A. Finally, this document recommends action-oriented research on the control of iron deficiency, providing guidance in undertaking feasibility studies on iron fortification in most countries. Iron. Marasmus - severe deficiency of protein and energy in the diet. b) Vitamin Defeciencies: caused by the deficiency of vitamins in the diet. · Vitamin A deficiency - leads to Night blindness and Xerophthalmia ( dryness of cornea) · Vitamin C deficiency - leads to Scurvy. · Vitamin D deficiency - leads to Rickets BENIFICERY :- 6month -5 year children STREATGY Administration of vit A dose at a regular 6 month interval VIT AADMINISTRATION SCHEDUALE 6-11 month:-100000 IU 1-5 year:-200000 IU /6 months Child must receive total 9 does VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY CONTROL PROGRAM (1970) 84

National Vitamin A prophylaxis program National Health

  1. India is the second rank in population and developing in the world. It leads to other countries by own Scio-economic, cultural way. Any country health affects growth in their average expectancy and various socioeconomic indicators like Huma
  2. Background Nutrition is the science of food and its relationship to health. Food plays an important role in health as well as in disease. 1 With the current increase in lifestyle disorders around the world, it is important to promote healthy nutrition in all age groups. Improving eating habits is not just for an individual but for the whole population
  3. A deficiency programme • National iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) programme • Mid-Day meal programme • Integrated child development scheme (ICDS) • National and.
  4. Blindness Dr. Gopalrao Jogdand, M.D. Ph.D. Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicin
  5. In the community oriented care the nurse still plays an important role which can be summarised in four points: 1. focus on the rehabilitation of long term https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10546450
  6. K Deficiency. Vita
  7. s and

BeriBeri and Heart Disease Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. B vitamin deficiency contributes to heart disease. One of the many causes of heart disease is a deficiency of B vitamins. Vitamin B1, also called thiamine or thiamine, is one of eight B vitamins.. All B vitamins help the body convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which the body uses to produce energy Vitamin D deficiency, 31.2% having insufficient Vitamin D and only 15.3% having normal Vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) levels (Fig ure 1, Tables 2 and 3). This appea rs irrespective of gender, age deficiency increases the risk of mortality from diarrhea pneumonia and malaria by 13-21% its supplementation plays an important role in prevention and treatment of ALRI.11 Thus zinc supplementation in patients with ALRI might have potential benefits. The rationale of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic effects of such a cos Antioxidant vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, and carotenoids are able to decrease the rate of oxidative stress, which may have a principal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and CVD. Vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folic acid, as well as vitamin D, also contribute to maintenance of cardiovascular health and can induce cardioprotective effects The prevalence of clinical vitamin A deficiency measured by both Bitot's spots and night blindness in the present study was determined to be (2%). The magnitude of Bitot's spots (0.8%) reported by this study was above the WHO threshold (>0.5%) for classifying VAD as a serious public health problem

One story describes the treatment of eye diseases, now known to be due to Vitamin A deficiency, by squeezing the juice of liver onto the eye. Vitamin A is stored in large amounts in the liver. • 1500's: Scientist and artist Leonardo Da Vinci compared the process of metabolism of the body to the burning of a candle. 10. History Contn.. Hypovitaminosis D in childhood is a re-emerging public health problem in developed countries. New life style habits, current epidemics of obesity in children and adolescents worldwide, and other preventable risk factors may play a role in favoring the occurrence of vitamin D deficiency. In addition to skeletal consequences, hypovitaminosis D has been found to be involved in the. Vitamin D deficiency. Sunlight produces vitamin D in your skin. Dietary vitamin D is usually from foods to which the vitamin has been added, such as cow's milk. People who live in areas where sunlight is limited, get little exposure to sunlight or eat a diet low in vitamin D can develop osteomalacia. Vitamin D deficiency is the most common. Follow Up Action For National Nutrition Policy, 1993.5. Ministry Of Health and Family Welfare. Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation of Pregnant Women. Vitamin A Supplementation of Children of 9- 36 Months Age Group. National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Program. Department Of Elementary School and Literacy. Midday Meal for Primary School.

Chapter 7. Vitamin

The programme is reduction of disease & prevention of blindness due to vitamin A deficiency. An evaluation of the programme has shown that in areas where it has been implemented well there was significant reduction in the prevalence of sign of vitamin A deficiency. To decrease the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency from current 0.6 % to less. The Role of Nurses and Nutrition in Healthy Patients. Proper nutrition plays a big role in disease prevention, recovery from illness and ongoing good health. A healthy diet will help you look and feel good as well. Since nurses are the main point of contact with patients, they must understand the importance of nutrition basics and be able to. Basic concepts of food and nutrition 1. Basic concepts of Food and Nutrition BY Mrs.Nagamani.T, MSc (N) 2. Contents • Introduction to Nutrition - Definitions - Changing Concept of food & Nutrition - Historical mile stones in Nutrition • Role of nutrition in maintaining health • Factors affecting food and nutrition: socio- economic, cultural, tradition, production, system of.

A differential diagnosis compares the symptoms of two or more diseases. DD is important because some forms of dementia are treatable. Examples of treatable dementias include: chronic drug abuse, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, Chronic subdural Hematoma, Benign Brain Tumors, Vitamin Deficiency, and Hypothyroidism Vitamin A. Vitamin A treatment for children with measles in developing countries has been associated with a marked reduction in morbidity and mortality; thus, two doses of vitamin A given 24 hours apart are recommended; a third age-specific dose should be given 2 to 4 weeks later to children with clinical signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency.. Description. Nutrition Intervention Strategies in National Development reviews nutritional programs as key components of policy planning for national development in general and health programs in particular. It summarizes research on targeted application of nutrition knowledge in public health and efforts to reduce worldwide malnutrition, and. Deficiency of the thyroxin hormone can adversely affect important body functions. In this article, we'll take a closer look on the nursing care plan for hypothyroidism . The clinical condition that results from the abnormally low secretion of the thyroxin hormone is referred to as hypothyroidism

The nurse begins to design a nutritional packet of information for a patient diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia. The nurse would recommend an increased intake of: A. Fresh citrus fruits. B. Milk and cheese. C. Organ meats. D. Whole grain bread. 2. A nurse should know that a diagnosis of hemolytic anemia is associated with all of the. Generally, malnutrition is caused by lack of nutritional components it can be prevented by providing special diet such as fruit, vegetable, milk product, oils, meat and beans etc with sufficient amount in timely. There are primary prevention, secondary prevention and tertiary prevention for malnutrition. Primary prevention. 1. health promotion Vitamin A deficiency can lead to dry eyes, blindness or dying corneas, also known as Bitot's spots. One of the first signs of deficiency is often an inability to produce tears. 3 One story describes the treatment of eye disease, now known to be due to a vitamin A deficiency, by squeezing the juice of liver onto the eye. Vitamin A is stored in large amounts in the liver. 1500's - Scientist and artist Leonardo da Vinci compared the process of metabolism in the body to the burning of a candle

Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) is a new initiative aiming at early identification and early intervention for children from birth to 18 years to cover 4 'D's viz. Defects at birth, Deficiencies, Diseases, Development delays including disability. It is important to note that the 0 - 6 years age group will be specifically managed at. Quick Facts. All of the B vitamins and vitamin C are water-soluble. Water soluble vitamins, except for B6 and B12, are excreted through urine fairly quickly. Water soluble vitamins can be lost when food is overcooked. Water soluble vitamins, especially they B family, affect metabolizing tissue including blood, skin, and the nervous system Deficiency of water-soluble vitamins is more common than fat-soluble vitamin deficiency because of this lack of storage. That also means toxicity of water-soluble vitamins is rare. Because of their solubility in water, intake of these vitamins in amounts above what is needed by the body can, to some extent, be excreted in the urine, leading to. The Importance of Nutrition-Focused Physical Exam. The NFPE is a system-based examination of each region of the body to assess for physical findings related to nutrition. The exam requires a critical eye to determine color, shape, texture, and size of the patient. It also employs palpation, which requires the use of touch with the tips and pads. nursing management of a patient with pain - SlideShare Updated: 0 sec ago Nothing Begins And Nothing Ends That Is Not Paid With Moan For We Are Born In Others Pain And Perish In Our Own (English Poet,Francis Thompson

National Vitamin A Prophylaxis Programme PSM Made Eas

  1. The MNA is the screening tool most frequently used in institutionalized geriatric patients (Table 3).It combines screening and assessment features. Unlike the NRS-2002, the MNA includes diverse components (loss of appetite, altered sense of taste and smell, loss of thirst, frailty, depression) often relevant for the nutritional status of older people
  2. A deficiency e) Vita
  3. roles played by Dr V. Chandra-Mouli, Ms J. Ferguson, and Dr A. Olukoya of CAH. N U T R I T I O N I N A D O L E S C E N C E / vii Prefac

Pathophysiology of Anemia and Nursing Care Implications. By Coyer, Sharon M Lash, Ayhan Aytekin. Anemia is a decrease in erythrocyte mass or amount of hemoglobin from impaired production of. , vitamin D, calcium, iron, and zinc. o If not able to meet requirements of nutrients from food sources, or at an increased risk for a deficiency, discuss supplement use with a health care provider. Fibre: o Males over 50 years of age: 30 g fibre/day. o Females over 50 years of age: 21 g fibre/day Vitamin E deficiency can cause cell membranes to break down and lead to hemolytic anemia. Learn why this is a problem for premature infants, and also learn about symptoms of toxicity, in this lesson


11. Fact: Age Affects Your Skin's Ability to Make Vitamin D. Speaking of some women needing different amounts of vitamin D, older women (and men) will likely require more vitamin D. As mentioned. Vitamin D - there are only a few foods that are a good source of vitamin D. Approximately 115 g (4 oz) of cooked salmon or cooked mackerel provide 400 IU of vitamin D. The same amount of vitamin D can also be obtained from 170 g (6 oz) of tuna fish or 80 g (3 oz) of sardines (both canned in oil)

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During pregnancy you need folic acid, iron, calcium, vitamin D, choline, omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, and vitamin C. See the below table for recommended amounts. Fortified cereal, enriched bread and pasta, peanuts, dark green leafy vegetables, orange juice, beans Folate is the natural form of vitamin B9, water-soluble and naturally found in many foods. It is also added to foods and sold as a supplement in the form of folic acid; this form is actually better absorbed than that from food sources—85% vs. 50%, respectively

These low amounts of vitamin B12 can put their infants at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency, which can result in neurological damage. Therefore, the American Dietetic Association recommends vitamin B12 supplementation during pregnancy and while breastfeeding for mothers who eat vegan or lacto-ovo vegetarian diets Vitamin B12 deficiency, defined as serum vitamin B12 concentration <203 pg/mL, was found in 64% (63 of 99) of overseas specimens, 27% (17 of 64) of postarrival medical screenings, and 32% (19 of 60) of Bhutanese refugees screened for vitamin B12 deficiency at the St. Paul clinic The prevention of pressure ulcers represents a marker of quality of care. Pressure ulcers are a major nurse-sensitive outcome. Hence, nursing care has a major effect on pressure ulcer development and prevention. Prevention of pressure ulcers often involves the use of low technology, but vigilant care is required to address the most consistently reported risk factors for development of pressure. Vitamin B can be of different types, such as Vitamin B1, B2, B12 etc. The deficiency diseases depend on the type of Vitamin B that a person is lacking. Vitamin B1: Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes beriberi, which results in weak muscles and severe weight loss. Acute deficiency can lead to paralysis and cardiac failure

The Macronutrient Era. During the 1950s, little was known about the link between nutrition and infection. Until that time, it was believed that protein deficiency (kwashiorkor), more than total calorie deficiency (marasmus), was the predominant basis of nutrition problems, because severe protein deficiency bore a definite relationship to antibody formation and the development of the immune. Thus, vitamin C deficiency may occur in those who does not consume sufficient amount of food containing ascorbic acid for prolong periods of time (i.e., 2-4 months). Overall, vitamin C deficiency is rare in developed countries, but those with poor dietary intake, including elderl Cystic fibrosis (also known as CF or mucoviscidosis) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder affecting most critically the lungs, and also the pancreas, liver, and intestine Deficiency of vitamin B12 at the start of pregnancy may lead to Neural Tube Defects (NTD) in the infant or even premature delivery. [14] [15] Vitamin C: Vitamin C helps to keep the overall metabolism in correct order. Vitamin C is required by the mother as well as the baby and cannot be stored in the body. Therefore, eat lots of fruits and. The study in 216 Covid-19 patients has found over 80% have vitamin D deficiency. Men had lower vitamin D levels than women. Those with low vitamin D levels also had raised serum levels of inflammatory markers. Several studies demonstrated the role of vitamin D in reducing the risk of acute viral respiratory tract infections and pneumonia

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Vitamin D has a role in regulating immune function, and its deficiency is a suggested risk factor for childhood pneumonia. Our aim was to assess whether oral supplementation of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) will reduce the incidence and severity of pneumonia in a high-risk infant population Histologically, the megaloblastosis caused by folic acid deficiency cannot be differentiated from that observed with vitamin B-12 deficiency. Peripheral smear of blood in a patient with pernicious. Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and progressively worsens. It is the cause of 60-70% of cases of dementia. The most common early symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events. As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems with language, disorientation (including easily getting lost. Mineral metabolism disorders are abnormal levels of minerals -- either too much or too little -- in the blood. Minerals are very important for the human body. They have various roles in metabolism and body functions. They are essential for the proper function of cells, tissues, and organs. Some minerals, such as iron, make up part of many. Thiamine is vitamin B1. Thiamine is found in foods such as cereals, whole grains, meat, nuts, beans, and peas. Thiamine is important in the breakdown of carbohydrates from foods into products needed by the body. Thiamine is used to treat or prevent vitamin B1 deficiency

Hyperparathyroidism is a condition in which one or more of your parathyroid glands become overactive and release (secrete) too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). This causes the levels of calcium in your blood to rise, a condition known as hypercalcemia. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center protein-energy malnutrition: Definition Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a potentially fatal body-depletion disorder. It is the leading cause of death in children in developing countries. Description PEM is also referred to as protein-calorie malnutrition. It develops in children and adults whose consumption of protein and energy (measured. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive condition in which red blood cells become sickle-shaped and fragile. This results in hemolytic anemia and recurrent vaso-occlusion in the microvasculature due to increased red blood cell adhesion and retention. Acute vaso-occlusion causes severe pain in the musculoskeletal system, abdomen, and. Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) deficiency. Deficiency of these hormones, called gonadotropins, affect the reproductive system. In women, the deficiency decreases egg and estrogen production from the ovaries. In men, the deficiency decreases sperm and testosterone production from the testicles

Nutrition - Wh

He also said A wise man should consider that health is the greatest of human blessings. One story describes the treatment of eye disease, now known to be due to a vitamin A deficiency, by squeezing the juice of liver onto the eye. Vitamin A is stored in large amounts in the liver. 4 twenty-two times. Today's program has over 100 years of testing, evaluating, and constant research to make sure the program provides the best in nutrition, nutrition education, and foodservice for millions of students. The school lunch program has become so accepted that most Americans don't think of it as welfare (Winchell, 2009) The blood bank, of course, also has a role, but there may be other departments to engage, depending on the speciÞcs of the project. For example, the laboratory and phlebotomy personnel are needed for initiatives related to phlebotomy overuse, and pharmacy is likely to have a stake in increasing appropriate use of vitamin K or parenteral iron. 2 In addition, all health facility-based programmes where food is being provided are mandated to provide fortifi ed wheat, rice (with iron, folic acid and vitamin B12), and double fortifi ed salt (with iodine and iron), and oil (with vitamin A and D) as per standards for fortification of staple foods (salt, wheat, rice, milk and oil) prescribed.

National Nutrition Programme s in India. Neelesh Kumar Maurya, Radha Kushwaha and Dr. Pratibha Arya. Abstract. India is the second rank in population and developing in the world. It. leads to. NATIONAL HEALTHPOLICY (1983, 2002, 2017) & NATIONAL HEALTH PROGRAMME Unit-3 SWRK4021 1 BY- Dr. M. VIJAY KUMAR SHARMA Associate Professor Dept. Of Social Wor National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program (NIDDCP) Iodine is an essential micro nutrient required daily at 100-150 micro grams for normal human growth and development. Realizing the magnitude of the problem, the Government of India launched a 100 per cent centrally assisted National Goiter Control Program (NGCP) in 1962

World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for Best PowerPoint Templates from Presentations Magazine. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect Even many of the classical single-gene metabolic disorders are the result of a deficiency in a nutritional enzyme combined with dietary exposure to one or more chemicals (e.g., phenylalanine and phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency in PKU; and iron intake and mutations in the HFE gene in hereditary hemochromatosis (17)

Health problems in Indi

National health programmes related to child - SlideShar

(PDF) Chapter -2 National Nutrition Programmes in India

Healthy Nutrition and Nutritional Disorders National

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Folic Acid Description. Folic Acid, N-p-[[2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-pteridinyl] methyl]-amino] benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid, is a B complex vitamin containing a pteridine moiety linked by a methylene bridge to para-aminobenzoic acid, which is joined by a peptide linkage to glutamic acid Function. The overall function of the immune system is to prevent or limit infection. An example of this principle is found in immune-compromised people, including those with genetic immune disorders, immune-debilitating infections like HIV, and even pregnant women, who are susceptible to a range of microbes that typically do not cause infection in healthy individuals Nutritional disease, any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans.They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders, and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes mellitus.Nutritional diseases also include developmental abnormalities that can be prevented by diet, hereditary. Welcome To Longdom Publishing SL. Longdom Publishing SL is one of the leading international publishers of open access journals covering clinical, medical, biological, pharmaceutical sciences as well as engineering, management and technology oriented subjects. Our aim is to catalogue the current scholarly information sourced from across the world and broadcast to maximize its utility and impact.