Withholding treatment examples

Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment

Example of Withholding Tax Let's say John's yearly salary is $72,000. Though he earns $6,000 a month, his employer withholds $1,500 from his paycheck, leaving $4,500 for John. Of that $1,500, parts of it goes to state income tax, federal income tax, unemployment, and Medicare liabilities Withholding tax, also known as retention tax, is a government requirement whereby the tax amount is collected from the source of income generated rather than from the recipient.In other words, tax on income earned is paid by the giver and not by the receiver. For example: When a company pays for goods/services a fixed percentage (say 3%) is deducted

Topic No. 761 Tips - Withholding and Reporting. Employees who receive cash tips of $20 or more in a calendar month while working for you, are required to report to you the total amount of tips they receive. The employees must give you written reports by the tenth day of the following month. Employees who receive tips of less than $20 in a. The Case of Claire Conroy. By Richard A. McCormick. America, April 6, 1985. Richard A. McCormick, S.J. is Rose F. Kennedy Professor of Christian Ethics at Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. The courts have set a trend toward wider discretion in withdrawing or withholding treatment from terminally ill patients

withholding of medically indicated treatment from disabled infants with life-threatening conditions. The federal regulations implementing the act emphasize the role and functions of the CPS system, its focus on the family, and the Examples are: (1) The child involved is chronically and irreversibly comatose Withholding and withdrawal of life sustaining treatment (WWLST) are processes by which medical interventions are forgone or discontinued, often with the understanding that the patient will most probably experience natural death from the underlying disease or related complications The British Medical Association 12 recommends that treatment should be continued in cases of disagreement between doctors and patients, but only for a short time (presumably until the patient sees its futility). 10 Most of the documents emphasise the importance of discussions with patients before decision making about withholding or withdrawing.

What is life-sustaining treatment? 'Life-sustaining treatment' is treatment that is needed to prolong a person's life. Examples include cardiopulmonary resuscitation, artificial hydration and nutrition, artificial ventilation, and in some circumstances, antibiotics and blood transfusions. When is it lawful to withhold or withdraw treatment Withholding treatment that is not clearly futile is ethically more controversial than withdrawing clearly futile treatment. Such considerations might account for why significantly more of members of the general public regarded withholding life-sustaining treatment to be a kind of euthanasia, as compared with withdrawing such treatment First of all, we should understand the difference between withholding and withdrawal of the treatment. If the doctor decides to withhold some treatment that means that he is not certain whether it will help or not in this or that particular case. Free Essay About Withholding Or Withdrawal Of Medical Treatment. Free Essay Examples.

withholding or withdrawal of life saving treatment is far from a dead issue in the United States at least. Like Karen Anne Quinlan, Ms. Schiavo was in a PVS and had her life support withdrawn only after a long and protracted legal and political battle. Appearances can be deceiving, however. The evidence cited above suggests that th Life-Sustaining Treatment: Making Decisions and Appointing a Health Care Agent. New York, NY: New York State Task Force on Life and Law; 1987. Current Opinions of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs of the American Medical Association: Withholding or Withdrawing Life Prolonging Treatment. Chicago, Ill: American Medical Association; 1992 The proposal to withhold treatment was advised by the physicians on 210 of the 226 patients. The family members proposed the withholding of treatment in the remaining 16 patients (Esteban et. al., 2001). In another research conducted, physicians in Israel withheld and or had withdrawn the patients' life support system. This is unethical Examples of withholding/postponing standard treatments that would require inclusion and justification in the application are withholding of a standard treatment that could otherwise be taken while on study for scientific purposes or the postponing of a standard treatment for a period longer than might occur as part of clinical care

President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Deciding to forego life-sustaining treatment: Ethical, medical, and legal issues in treatment decisions. Washington, DC: Author; 1987. Smedira NG, Evans BH, Grais LS, et al. Withholding and withdrawal of life support from the. When a cure is absolutely impossible certain life sustaining medical treatments such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ventilation, nutrition and hydration, dialysis, transfusions, and antibiotics may have to be withdrawn or withheld Withholding treatment: for example, not carrying out surgery that will extend life for a short time. Traditionally, passive euthanasia is thought of as less bad than active euthanasia. But some.. A fourth possible reason for withdrawing or withholding treatment is that the patient has refused the treatment in question. Any competent adult patient has the right to do this, and a healthcare professional's conforming to this refusal does not amount to passive euthanasia, since again it fails to meet condition 2 People who attempt suicide are given treatment presumably against their will all the time, regardless of what a note says. A paramedic isn't going to read that note and withhold life saving treatment. They won't even look at a personal directive on the fridge a lot of the time, or listen to a family asking them no to do CPR

Withholding or withdrawing a life-sustaining treatment tends to be very challenging for health care providers, patients, and their family members alike. When a patient's life seems to be nearing its end, it is generally felt that the morally best approach is to try a new intervention, continue all treatments, attempt an experimental course of action, in short, do something The effect of statutory limitations on the authority of substitute decision makers on the care of patients in the intensive care unit: case examples and review of state laws affecting withdrawing or withholding life-sustaining treatment For example, an elderly grandfather may be found incompetent to manage a large estate, but may still have intact capacity to make treatment decisions. In general, the capacity to make treatment decisions, including to withhold or withdraw treatment, is considered intact if the patient Tax Liability and Withholding. Notwithstanding any action the Company takes with respect to any or all income tax, social insurance, payroll tax, or other tax-related withholding (Tax-Related Items), the ultimate liability for all Tax-Related Items is and remains the Participant 's responsibility. Sample 1. Sample 2. Sample 3

Ethical aspects of withdrawing and withholding treatmen

  1. An example is the current laws in the neighboring states of Oregon and California with opposite views on physician-224 derse. withholding of life-sustaining treatment [8-10]. The former remains a crime, and the latter is now a recognized part of ethical medical practice [11]
  2. Parents withholding medical treatment from their children; legal exemptions. Quotation: Two examples are: Jehovah's Witnesses are taught that the dietary rules in the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament) requiring that blood be fully drained from meat before it is eaten are literally true. Hebrews are forbidden to eat meat containing blood
  3. Keep reading; oftentimes, learning the words and labels that define our emotional abuse experiences is the empowerment we need to move forward and make a change. If you have ever felt these things, you might be experiencing withholding, which is the most toxic emotional abuse tactic of all. Traditionally, many think of withholding as denying.
  4. withholding treatment, i.e. allowing the natural process of death to follow its course, provided there is consultation with another health care practitioner who is an expert in the field, and where available, discussions with the closest relatives.The withholding o
  5. Examples of Commissions with and without regular pay: 1. Employee employee receives only commissions on a monthly basis. In this scenario, without regular scheduled pay where incomes taxes are withheld, you cannot use the flat 25% method and an employer will use the aggregate withholding. 2
  6. Withholding on Social Security Benefits You can elect to have federal income tax withheld from your Social Security benefits if you think you'll end up owing taxes on some portion of them. Federal income tax can be withheld at a rate of 7%, 10%, 12%, or 22% as of the tax year 2020
  7. Experiencing behaviors like stonewalling and the silent treatment take a toll on victims, as they activate the same area of the brain that registers physical pain; this means that the withholding.

Withholding or Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment

  1. For example, Switzerland is tied with Chile for the highest withholding rate in the world, 35%. The U.S. tax treaty with the Swiss means that U.S. investors should only face a 15% withholding rate. However, in order to obtain that 15% withholding rate you, your broker, or asset manager, need to file separate paperwork ahead of time with the.
  2. e the correct tax treatment of employee fringe benefits, including using the appropriate withholding and reporting procedures. This publication covers: How to deter
  3. • Examples of the daily, monthly and annual reports The Standard provides to you • Frequently asked questions about the taxation of disability benefits • Glossary of terms • Quick reference guide to tax reporting activities If you have questions not answered by this guide, please contact our office at 800.525.3973
  4. Example When it submits its tax filing, Sample Consulting applies the 100 from Withholding tax to its total bill. Sample Consulting is a sole proprietorship, so its income is taxed on the owner's tax return. Therefore, it makes a journal entry debiting Owner's equity and crediting Withholding tax. That account is zeroed out on the Balance.
  5. As noted above, if the physicians has compelling evidence that disclosure will cause real and predictable harm, truthful disclosure may be withheld. Examples might include disclosure that would make a depressed patient actively suicidal. This judgment, often referred to as the therapeutic privilege, is important but also subject to abuse
  6. The refusal of children or their parents to consent to treatment that professionals regard as essential always results in a dilemma. Responding to such refusals demands careful and sensitive clinical and ethicolegal intervention and close cooperation among professionals, in particular doctors and social workers. Since the introduction of the Children Act 1989 the number of cases in which.
  7. g up, also known as the silent treatment, or a somewhat less obvious variation, which I think of as selective omissions. LiveStrong.com offers a succinct description of typical marital withholding: Behaviors, such as silent treatment and withholding affection, often overlap

On the ethics of withholding and withdrawing medical treatmen

Examples of the Silent Treatment (or Withholding) A parent stops talking to a child because the child did not anticipate the parent's needs. Perhaps the parent expected the child to do a chore or a task without being told to do so and, when the child fails to meet that expectation, the parent will not talk to the child for a long time (iii) In this Example 1, the $2,300,000 bonus from Y is a supplemental wage payment.To calculate the withholding on the $2,300,000 supplemental wage payment from Y, the $600,000 of supplemental wages X has already paid to A in 2007 must be taken into account because X and Y are treated as the same employer under section 52(a) or (b). Thus, the withholding on the first $400,000 of the payment. The categories of withholding and withdrawing a treatment deal with the ones of active and passive euthanasia. Indeed, most bioethicists appear willing to define withdrawing a treatment as a form of active euthanasia (to perform an act that by itself causes the death of the patient), and withholding a treatment as a form of passive euthanasia (not to administer a lifesaving medical. Withholding Taxes. Sample Clauses. Withholding Taxes. (a) If the Lead Securitization Note Holder or the Mortgage Loan Borrower shall be required by law to deduct and withhold Taxes from interest, fees or other amounts payable to any Non-Lead Securitization Note Holder with respect to the Mortgage Loan as a result of such Non-Lead Securitization.

Examples where withholding tax is applicable: This treatment has also been expanded, from 1 Apr 2014, to include rental of movable properties used for overseas representative offices. Payers are not required to withhold tax on such payments made on or after 1 Apr 2014. In this way, businesses are given greater support for efforts to explore. For the withholding tax type Posting at time of payment, withholding tax is calculated using the data in the open items (withholding tax types, codes, and base amounts). This is the case whether payment is made manually or automatically. The payment amounts are reduced by the withholding tax amounts. Where outgoing payments are made manually or. Emotional withholding is so painful because it is the absence of love, the absence of caring, compassion, communication, and connection. You're locked in the meat freezer with the upside-down. Withdrawing and Withholding Life-Sustaining Treatment (LST) Withholding LST - This involves a conscious decision to not initiate such treatment. For example, a patient may refuse to be placed on a ventilator. Withdrawing LST - This involves a conscious decision to stop or remove LST after it has begun If the withholding agent fails to withhold Final Withholding Tax, he/she will need to pay penalties amounting to: a. 25%-50% surcharge based on tax unpaid. b. 12% annual interest based on tax unpaid. c. Compromise Penalty P1,000 - 25,000 every time you fail to withhold. 4

Ideas 70 of Narcissist Gaslighting Quotes

Restricted Stock Units: The Essential Facts. Restricted stock units (RSUs) are a way your employer can grant you company shares. RSUs are nearly always worth something, even if the stock price drops dramatically. RSUs must vest before you can receive the underlying shares. Job termination usually stops vesting Withholding life-sustaining treatment means never starting it, (Fremgen, 2012). If in fact we are being kept alive by any form of medical equipment, any choices made about the best time to die and the best means to allow our deaths should contain queries about what to do with the life-support systems in place, sustaining life (Lin, 2003) Withdrawing or withholding treatment F71. www.archdischild.com. Citations (19) The study recruited a large, representative sample of 122 neonatal intensive-care units (NICUs) by census (in.

President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research. Deciding to forego life-sustaining treatment: Ethical, medical, and legal issues in treatment decisions. Washington, DC: Author; 1987. Smedira NG, Evans BH, Grais LS, et al. Withholding and withdrawal of life support from the.

Example: With the facts of the previous example: You make a timely 83(b) election at grant. At grant, you have ordinary income of $72,000 (4,000 x $18), and withholding applies. When you later sell, you have a capital gain of $128,000 ($200,000 minus $72,000) Thus withholding or withdrawing futile treatment or the use of sedative medication to relieve intolerable suffering in the last days of life, even if the process of dying is secondarily accelerated, are morally and professionally acceptable people find this more understandable when we call it withholding shares since the participant never actually holds the shares, the company just issues the net shares to the participant, hence the term net exercise. Let's talk through an example: Let's say you have a non-qualified option with 100 shares. The price is $1


Withholding Tax (Meaning, Types) Step by Step Calculatio

  1. Active and passive euthanasia Active euthanasia. Active euthanasia occurs when the medical professionals, or another person, deliberately do something that causes the patient to die
  2. Truthful and open communication between physician and patient is essential for trust in the relationship and for respect for autonomy. Withholding pertinent medical information from patients in the belief that disclosure is medically contraindicated creates a conflict between the physician's obligations to promote patient welfare and to.
  3. Withholding tax is the amount of tax retained by one person when making payments to another person in respect of goods supplied or services rendered by the payee. A person receiving or entitled to receive a payment from which income tax is required to be withheld is a withholdee while a person required to withhold income tax from a payment made.
  4. Under normal tax treatment, you do not owe taxes until the grant vests and you could potentially use some of the shares vesting to cover your tax withholding obligation. Risk of forfeiture. If the restricted stock award is forfeited (e.g., by leaving the company before the stock vests), a loss cannot be claimed for tax purposes with respect to.
Ethical Issues Behind the ‘Us-Them’ Group DichotomyPPT - Ethics Principles PowerPoint Presentation, free

To illustrate these type of taxes better we will use an example seen on Nairametrics. Jideowo Ltd is a supplier of printing and stationery and got a contract to supply stationery to MoMoney Ltd for an invoice value of N100,000. Being a Vatable item, JideOwo Ltd adds a 5% VAT to the contract sum bringing the total amount to N105,000 The Malaysian Inland Revenue Board (MIRB) has issued Public Ruling (PR) No. 10/2019 Withholding Tax on Special Classes of Income on 10 December 2019. It replaces PR No. 11/2018 and incorporates, amongst others, changes which have been effective upon the coming into operation of the Finance Act 2018, which includes the removal of the. The Withholding of Creditable Tax at Source or simply called Expanded Withholding Tax is a tax imposed and prescribed on the items of income payable to natural or juridical persons, residing in the Philippines, by a payor-corporation/person which shall be credited against the income tax liability of the taxpayer for the taxable year As such, we show you the sample related accounting entries in the books of the payor-withholding agent and that of the payee. To illustrate: Let us assume that Company A secured the professional services of Mr. Juan de la Cruz amounting to P100,000, exclusive of 12% VAT, or a total of P112,000.00

Given such, the VAT treatment on sales to government is distinct from VAT treatment of non-government sales since the liability of 5% final withholding VAT rests primarily on the government or any of its political subdivisions, instrumentalities or agencies including GOCCs Dividends tax is a withholding tax, which is levied at 20% on dividend distributions. It is the obligation of the company paying the dividend to withhold the tax and pay it over to SARS. Depending on the nature or status of the dividend recipient (i.e. the party who receives the dividend) the dividend could be exempt from dividends tax. However.

According to an article published on TheNation Newspaper online, 'Withholding Tax (WHT) is an advance payment of income tax. In principle, it is a payment for the ultimate income tax liability of the taxpayer or company. It is not a separate tax and does not confer an exemption from the filing of yearly tax returns by the company which suffered WHT For example, in Victoria, the Medical Treatment Planning and Decisions Act 2016 (Vic) Even if there was a duty to provide that treatment, there was a lawful excuse for doctors if withholding the treatment was in accordance with good medical practice. Therefore, the Court granted the declaration that it was lawful to withdraw the man's. Both the silent treatment and withholding affection are ways of meting out punishment or gaining control of a situation. You've said or done something your spouse doesn't like, says Patricia Jones, M.A., of the Dove Christian Counseling Center 1.Maybe you asked for something he does not want to give, or requested that he do something that he does not want to do Life-sustaining treatment, also known as life support, is any treatment intended to prolong life without curing or reversing the underlying medical condition. This can include mechanical ventilation, artificial nutrition or hydration, kidney dialysis, chemotherapy, and antibiotics. 2 

Accounting for Withholding Tax - Definition and Example

Many elderly patients will, like Re C, be lawful candidates for non-treatment - for example, withholding of antibiotics - because they will inevitably die in the short term. Furthermore, as with Re J, non-treatment in cases of severe stroke or dementia is arguably lawful on the analogous grounds of serious brain damage If at the end of any month the total amount of undeposited taxes is at least $200 but less than $2,000, the taxes must be deposited within 15 days after the end of the month. The withholding agent and the foreign payee are primarily liable for any failure to withhold tax due on amounts paid to a foreign payee 9. Withholding. Sometimes a partner may walk away from an argument, preferring to let the dust settle to engage in a more constructive conversation without flaring emotions. While this is definitely a sign of a healthy relationship, the silent treatment, often called withholding, is not. Withholding may include your partner refusing to answer.

withholding on 35% of gain realized that is allocable to (direct) foreign partners. > 1446 withholding will trump 1445(e)(1) withholding if ECTI allocable to foreign partner. • 1445(e)(2) - Distribution by foreign corporation in which gain is recognized under sections 897(d) or (e) subject to withholding on 35% of gain recognized on. Payroll Journal Entry Examples. In this section of small business accounting payroll, we will use a fictitious company to provide examples of journal entries to record gross wages, payroll withholding, and related payroll costs of a payroll transaction. Payroll transactions are posted to the general ledger and can be used in a manual accounting. For example, there may be deductions for 401(k) pension plans, health insurance, life insurance, vision insurance, and for the repayment of advances. When you later pay the withheld taxes and company portion of payroll taxes to the IRS , you then use the following entry to reduce the balance in the cash account, and eliminate the balances in. Withholding Treatment from Defective Infants: Infant Doe Postmortem On April 9, 1982, a Down's syndrome infant, known only as In-fant Doe, was born in a Bloomington, Indiana hospital.1 The infan Let's understand Royalties Accounting Treatment with the help of an example. Royalties Accounting Example. Zen is the owner of Mine A located in Gujarat. He enters into a Royalty Agreement with Kapoor Ltd. As per the agreement, the Minimum Rent is Rs 5,00,000 and the Royalty amount to be paid is Rs 100 per ton of production every month

Withholding Tax Meaning & Example InvestingAnswer

  1. Over thousands of years Christians, and most physicians, have presumed that patients who are unable to feed themselves should receive assisted nutrition and hydration. Prior to the availability of current technology, this meant that patients who could not feed themselves received assistance via bottle-feeding, spoon-feeding or careful use of a cup or glass
  2. Taxable Fringe Benefits. Taxable fringe benefits are included in gross income and subject to federal withholding, social security, and Medicare taxes. Examples of taxable fringe benefits include: Bonuses. The value of the personal use of an employer-provided vehicle. Group-term life insurance in excess of $50,000. Vacation expenses
  3. PDF | On Oct 1, 1988, R Gillon published Euthanasia, withholding life-prolonging treatment, and moral differences between killing and letting die | Find, read and cite all the research you need on.
  4. Taxes. [PARTY A] will pay all Taxes applicable to payments between the parties under this agreement. Tax Withholding. [PARTY A] will withhold from any amounts it pays to [PARTY B] under this agreement any taxes that may be required to be withheld under any applicable law. Tax Withholding

Changing Employee Withholding for Bonuses . If you decide to give your employees a bonus, you should give them the opportunity to change their withholding authorization (on Form W-4) for that paycheck, and change it back for subsequent paychecks. Many employees like to change their bonus check withholding so they receive more of the bonus; this. A withholding tax takes a set amount of money out of an employee's paycheck and pays it to the government. The money taken is a credit against the employee's annual income tax. If too much. Withholding life-prolonging treatment case country location year summary Baby Doe Law: United States New York: 1983 The parents of a child born with severe birth defects request the right to refuse treatment and keep the child off life support Perhaps the most prominent advocate of aged-based rationing is Daniel Callahan, author of Setting Limits. In this book, Callahan proposed that the government refuse to pay for life-extending medical care for individuals beyond the age of 70 or 80, and only pay for routine care aimed at relieving their pain. Justifying the Limits

Withholding tax: Meaning Examples Journal entries

stigma intervention and scales for assesmentOne-dimensional pain scales depicting examples of pain

Topic No. 761 Tips - Withholding and Reporting Internal ..

A withholding tax is basically an advance and indirect source of taxation deducted at source from the invoices of the tax payer. It's main purpose is to capture as much tax payers that may have evaded tax into the tax net. Withholding tax rates are usually 10% or 5% depending on the type of transaction and collecting authority for the tax. Examples of futile or non-beneficial treatment. There are different types of futile or non-beneficial treatment. One is physiological futility, where treatment will not provide any physiological benefit to the person. An example is where an aged care resident close to death is receiving palliative care, and is so medically compromised that. Abstract: Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining medical treatment is common in hospitals, particularly in intensive care unit environments. Usually, decisions regarding limitation of therapy are based on ethical considerations and derived by discussion and mutual agreement between parents and clinicians In your example, the total FMV is $5,000 and I get $3,000 in shares that I can keep or sell and I get $2,000 in withholding credit that is essentially my money but is paid to the IRS as a prepayment of my tax on the award (actual tax could be higher or lower)

Case Studies - The Case of Claire Conroy - Life Sustaining

Withholding and withdrawing life support in critical care

Sample The study was undertaken at a nine-bed Clinical Nutrition Unit in a large teaching hospital in the United Kingdom, dedicated to the treatment of patients with nutritional problems, specifically those requiring total parenteral nutrition. Most of them are highly depended in nature and can be both physically and emotionally traumatised The withholding tax will be reduced from 3% to 2% from 1 October 2020 to 31 December 2021 if the payment is made through the e-withholding tax system. The withholding tax reduction, however, will not be applicable to payments made to charitable foundations and associations. The types of income based on the Thai Revenue Code that are eligible.

Legal - Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining

Example : Royalty paid to NR payee on 03/08/2006 = RM200,000 Withholding tax received by IRBM on 10/09/2006 later than 02/09/2006) = RM20,000 Increase in tax imposed on payer (20,000 @ 10 %) = RM2,000 Effective from 02/09/2006. Where the payer fails to pay withholding tax and / or increase in tax imposed on him Any withholding tax payable is a tax liability of the non-resident recipient of the interest, which must be remitted by the Australian payer to the ATO. Double tax treaties included in a list published by the Dutch government may still provide a more beneficial tax treatment for a three-year period (that is, 2023) If a reasonable prospect for recovery is unavailable, then the health care providers must consider all the related factors. Occasionally, palliative care would be a better choice than active treatment. In the current case study, the patient feels that the treatment is painful, but withholding treatment may cause more harm to the patient Euthanasia, act or practice of painlessly putting to death persons suffering from painful and incurable disease or incapacitating physical disorder or allowing them to die by withholding treatment or withdrawing artificial life-support measures. Learn more about euthanasia in this article The fundamental principle behind tax equalisation is that an expatriate should be no better off or no worse off as a result of being assigned abroad. Tax equalisation is presumably in place to encourage expatriates to work for their employers wherever they may be sent, sure in the knowledge that they are not disadvantaged tax-wise and their tax.

Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment: a

Withholding Tax is an advance payment of income tax. In principle, withholding tax is a payment on account of the ultimate income tax liability of the taxpayer or company. Withholding tax is not a separate tax on its own and does not confer an exemption from the filing of annual tax returns by the company which had suffered withholding tax A common example is grossing up interest for income tax or withholding tax. Net interest is £100 and the tax rate is 20% (= 0.20). The tax is charged on the gross amount of £125 (x 20% = £25 tax). This is why the calculation is to DIVIDE BY (1 - tax rate) to give the right answer of £100/(1 - 0.20) = £125. Withholding tax is a. For example, the withholding tax would apply where the payer is allowed to commercially exploit the information such as by distributing it for profit or preparing derivative works based on it. In contrast, there is no transfer of intellectual property rights where the payer merely purchases software for use in his business operations or for. Author: Magda Snyckers and Liesl Visser Over the past few years we have seen the introduction of various withholding taxes to the South African tax system. We set out below a high-level summary of the various withholding taxes that are levied in terms of the Income Tax Act 58 of 1962 (the Act), their rates and the withholding and reporting obligations

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