Was John Adams a Federalist?

John Adams. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. The American's union, Adams thought, was a federal republic, so he referred to the nation in the plural as these states. Moreover, Adams thought it was wise and good to make laws as local as possible John Adams John Adams was a very important Federalist. He was the Washington's vice president, and then became the second president of United States. John Adams was in office from March 4, 1797, through March 4, 1801

Adams, John - Federalism in Americ

Federalists - Federalists - John Adam

John Adams John Adams, Washington's vice president, succeeded the first president as an avowed Federalist, thus becoming the first person to attain the chief magistracy under partisan colors... Why did John Adams appoint a large number of Federalist judges as midnight judges the night before his presidency ended? The appointment was for a Justice of the Peace position for William Marbury. This law allowed the president, then President Adams, would stay up until midnight signing in new federal judges across the nation John Adams, a Federalist, was the second president of the United States. He served from 1797-1801. John Adams's presidency was marked by conflicts between the two newly-formed political parties: the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans The Federalist press labeled Jefferson a Francophile, questioned his courage during the War of Independence, and charged that he was an atheist. Adams was portrayed as a monarchist and an Anglophile who was secretly bent on establishing a family dynasty by having his son succeed him as President. Adams also had trouble in his own camp

John Adams was a Founding Father, the first vice president of the United States and the second president. John Jay is known as one of the writers of 'The Federalist Papers' and for being the. The Federalists lost popular support during John Adams' presidency because John Adams was not George Washington and the Federalists' ideology was not democratic enough for the tastes of most Americans. They felt that the Federalists were not democratic enough and that they even tended to prefer monarchy to democracy John Adams - Thoughts on Government (1776) The form of government which communicates ease, comfort, security, or, in one word, happiness, to the greatest number of persons, and in the greatest degree, is the best.We ought to consider what is the end of government, before we determine which is the best form

Vice President John Adams and Hamilton both hoped to lead the Federalist Party, but Vice President Adams was widely viewed as Washington's heir apparent, and he consolidated support among his party's electors. The clear favorite of Democratic-Republicans was Thomas Jefferson, though he was reluctant to run Jefferson and his colleagues formed the Republican Party in the early 1790s. By 1795, the Federalists had become a party in name as well. After John Adams, their candidate, was elected president. From the moment John Adams entered the presidency in 1797, the United States was in a state of undeclared war with France. But Adams was a Federalist, and in 1797, many in the Federalist Party. Adams at odds with his own Federalist Party and was often undermined by his own cabinet member, Alexander Hamilton. Adams' characteristic aloofness and refusal to enter directly into political conflict probably cost him his reelection in 1800. Major Acts. John Adams signed the unpopular Alien & Sedition Acts of 1798

John Adams The First Amendment Encyclopedi

John Adams (1735-1826) was the second President of the United States.. A Massachusetts lawyer, Adams gained prominence during the controversy surrounding the Stamp Act (1765) as a brilliant defender of American rights under British law. As a member of the Continental Congress, he sat on the committee charged with drafting the Declaration of Independence So the federalist had look towards electing John Adams because of the experience he had as a Vice President. They were up against the Democratic- Republicans whom rallied behind Thomas Jefferson. John Adams was able to win the presidency through the higher vote in the Electoral College, while Jefferson became Vice President. Under Adams' presidency, the French became aggravated with the fact.

Was John Adams a Federalist? - Answer

January 19, 2017 By The Federalist Staff. 'The fact is that John Adams and Benjamin Franklin have nothing in common with Oscar Lopez Rivera. . . He is only free because of his celebrity friends. He was at first an anti-Federalist who opposed the ratification of the Constitution for fear that it would vest too much power in the federal government, but he finally abandoned his opposition when the Federalists promised to support a number of future amendments, including a bill of rights. But the second president, John Adams, is said to. Federalist Party candidate for Vice President of the United States in 1804 and in 1808. Again elected as Federalist United States Senator from New York in 1813; re-elected in 1819 and served to 1825. Appointed by John Quincy Adams as United States Minister to Great Britain (1825-1826). Anti-slavery activist

The elder Adams was a Federalist and sought to model the new American government off of the British monarchy. Linking the two together would hurt John Quincy Adams' attempts to distance himself from his father. The video then transitions into providing evidence against Adams. The first quote is fairly generic, but lays the groundwork for. Answer to: Why was John Adams a Federalist? By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. You can also.. One good thing about John Adams is that he refused to play the role of a party man. For example, many Federalists called for a declaration of war against France, but President Adams refused to go along and kept America out of war

Washington's cabinet rarely sought Adams' opinion and he played a minor role in early 1790s politics. New Political Parties. By 1792 political parties had began to form. Alexander Hamilton led the Federalist, who supported a strong central government, closer ties with England and was business and industry friendly. Adams was a Federalist The Federalists. The vigor of government is essential to the security of liberty. ~Alexander Hamilton. In reaction to the proposed constitution, the Federalist group was formed. These people advocated for The Constitution and its strong federal government. John Adams, a Federalist, stated that the government's power would be divided so that. This account from the article on the Election of 1796 in Wikipedia should answer your question: The Federalists' nominee was John Adams of Massachusetts, the incumbent vice president and a leading voice during the Revolutionary period. Most Feder.. John Adams called Alexander Hamilton a man of indelicate pleasures. The New York Historical Society explains the kerfuffle as an 18th Century #NeverJohnAdams campaign. To block an Adams presidency, it would be enough to convince voters to throw their support behind the other Federalist candidate, so Hamilton printed his denunciation of. Unfortunately, John Adams' views on slavery were not so proactive. As a member of the Massachusetts State Legislature, Adams openly opposed legislation on the abolition of slavery in the state on the grounds that the issue was too divisive. He even wrote that legislation opposed to slavery should sleep for a time until it was less polarizing

John Quincy Adams - Break with the Federalists Britannic

John Quincy Adams was the son of John Adams, the second President of the United States. Quincy Adams held a distrust of political parties and attempted to avoid joining them. Nevertheless, a look at the factions that supported Quincy Adams and his public policies demonstrates affiliations with the Federalists,. Mere hours before Anti-Federalist Republican President-elect Jefferson took office, Chief Justice John Marshall's brother James Marshall began delivering the commissions. But by the time President Adams left office at noon on March 4, 1801, only a handful of the new judges in Alexandria County had received their commissions

The Federalists lost popular support during John Adams' presidency because John Adams was not George Washington and the Federalists' ideology was not democratic enough for the tastes of most. Midnight Judges: The Day Before John Adams 108 Words | 1 Pages. The day before John Adams left office, he signed documents to appoint the Midnight Judges, who were Federalists. William Marbury was one of the judges in which he was appointed for Justice of the Peace. James Madison didn't deliver them, at the request of Thomas Jefferson The last slide is again alluding to his previous affiliation with the Federalist party. My last attack on John Quincy Adams is about him being an Aristocrat. John Quincy Adams had spent a lot of time abroad in the courts of Europe as a diplomat for the United States. Therefore he had this aura of European aristocracy to himself John Adams were really the only Federalist president. The Federalist pretty much disbanded after they lost in 1800 and 1804. John Quincy Adams was helped by what was left of the Federalist party. One biographer, John Patrick Diggins, believes that the assessment of Adams as something of a loser stems from a misunderstanding of the legacies of both Adams and Jefferson. Another, C. Bradley Thompson, contends that Adams was consistent in his political thought and did not adopt anti-republican views as his enemies had charged

John Adams, Notes for an oration at Braintree, Full Text

To suppress the challenge of a second party, Washington's successor, Federalist John Adams, signed into law the Alien and Sedition Acts, making it a federal crime to criticize the president or his administration's policies. Supreme Court justices became circuit-riding inquisitors, trying, fining and imprisoning some 25 editors and printers who. The Alien and Sedition Acts were four acts passed by the Federalist-dominated 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798. They made it harder for an immigrant to become a citizen (Naturalization Act), allowed the president to imprison and deport non-citizens who were deemed dangerous (An Act Concerning Aliens, also known as the Alien Friends Act of 1798. While Adams did still have pull as a Federalist, as the election of 1800 loomed, Hamilton pushed for a man by the name of Pinckney to be their candidate, but the president continued to be the.

John Adams Quote - Liberty Once Lost Is Gone Forever

Difference Between John Adams And Federalists ipl

Hamilton did not waste time to respond to his treatment from the president. Published in Federalist newspapers, his Letter.concerning the Conduct and Character of John Adams, became a salacious account of partisan infighting that threatened to rupture any cohesive agenda within the party. Hamilton did not come off well from its publication John Adams served as the second president of America under the auspices of the Federalist Party. Prior to his tenure, he was part of George Washington's administration where he served as vice-president. The Harvard graduate, who spearheaded the American Revolution, started his career as a teacher and later as a legal representative in. John Adams (Federalist America) John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 - July 4, 1826) was the second president of the United States (1797-1802), having earlier served as the first vice president of the United States (1789-1797). An American Founding Father, Adams was a statesman, diplomat, and a leading advocate of American. In a last attempt to keep control of the government for Federalists, Adams _____? US Chapter 09 - John Adams and the Federalists DRAFT. 8th grade. 127 times. History. 75% average accuracy. 2 years ago. buddyfrio. 0. Save. Edit. Edit. US Chapter 09 - John Adams and the Federalists DRAFT. 2 years ago. by buddyfrio. Played 127 times. 0. 8th grade.

John Adam's Political Beliefs - John Adams Presidenc

The Federalist Party had many successes throughout the late 1700s in the Legislative Branch. In the Executive Branch, the second President of the United States, John Adams, was a member of the Federalist Party and was to be the only Federalist president in US history. Once the early 1800s arrived, the Federalists began to lose support among the. John Adams, the second president, was one of the founding fathers of the United States, and played a prominent role representing Massachusetts in the Continental Congress at the time of the American Revolution.Though his one term as president was marked by controversies, he played a very important role in the early years of the nation as a skilled politician and diplomat

While the Federalist Adams believed in a strong centralized government and the Republican Jefferson favored states' rights, the debate went beyond policy differences to personal attacks John Adams to Abigail Adams. Philadelphia July 3d. 1776. Had a Declaration of Independency been made seven Months ago, it would have been attended with many great and glorious Effects. . . . 1 We might before this Hour, have formed Alliances with foreign States.—We should have mastered Quebec and been in Possession of Canada. . . As Adams battled through personal and professional defeats in 1800 and 1801, using midnight appointments to sculpt a Federalist judiciary as his legacy, the President reflected that the.

Federalist Party - HISTOR

  1. es the split of the Federalist Party and subsequent election defeat in 1800 through the views of John Adams and Alexander Hamilton on the Quasi-War with France. More specifically, I will be focusing on what caused their split on the French issue. I argue tha
  2. John Adams was a Federalist. Most people expected him to win. He was well known throughout the country. He had campaigned for American independence from Britain. He had served as a diplomat in.
  3. Federalists: John Adams, Charles Pinckney. Democratic-Republicans: Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr. How were the results of the election a problem? Democratic-Republicans won popular vote, in electoral college Jefferson and Burr tied, and house of representatives is a tie breaker
  4. Adams was a Federalist; Thomas Jefferson, his Vice-President, was a Republican; and the election contest between the former friends had been a bitter one. There were predictable tensions
  5. Which of the following statements best summarizes the impact of the XYZ Affair on the political agenda of John Adams and the other Federalists? answer choices . After details of the incident became public, the Federalists took advantage of the national anger to build up the nation's military. The incident inspired US sympathy for the people of.
  6. Chapter 10 Vocabulary John Adams: A Federalist who was Vice President under Washington in 1789, and later became President by three votes in 1796. Known for his quarrel with France, and was involved in the XYZ Affair, Quasi War, and the Convention of 1800. Later though he was also known for his belated push for peace with France in 1800. Regarding his personality he was a respectful irritation
  7. John Adams Signer of the Declaration of Independence 2nd President of the United States of America An 19th century biography of this signer of the Declaration of Independence, including a handwriting sample, illustration, and student publishing opportunitie

- John Adams, Thoughts on Government, 1776 Pure democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security, or the rights of property; and have, in general, been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths. - James Madison, Federalist 10, 178 What led to the split in the Federalist Party during John Adams' presidency? A. John Adams' efforts to end the Quasi War with France B. John Adams' distrust of Alexander Hamilton and his followers C. John Adams' decision to run for a second term as president D. John Adams' decision to be lame duck president during his final days in offic John Adams was the first and last federalist president of the United States. When Adams was elected in 1797, Federalism was popular among the states. Federalists believed America should have a strong central government, educated leaders, a loose interpretation of the constitution, and a strong national bank Sixteen months before his death, Adams' son, John Quincy Adams, became the sixth President of the United States, the first son of a President to achieve this office. On July 4, 1826, on the 50th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, Adams died at his home in Quincy John Quincy had been playing political footsie with Jefferson for some time and enjoyed dining and socializing with the President and James Madison. It is hard to tell, but Adams may have calculated that he had more of a long term political future with the Democrat-Republicans than a weakened Federalist Party

Part of the reason the Federalists held the Hartford Convention was to determine the future of their party; specifically, how they would proceed and which candidate they would pick to run for the presidency. Below is an excerpt from John Adams to William Stephens Smith sent on November 20, 1814, roughly three weeks prior to the Hartford Convention The Republican victory of 1800 was the beginning of the end of the Federalist Party. For more than a decade, Federalists had held the most powerful positions in the United States government. With the defeat, John Adams became the last Federalist president John Adams chased the dawn right out of Washington, DC, departing the half-built city shortly after four o'clock in the morning on March 4, 1801. He knew it was time to go. In a battering election that pitted Adams against his friend-turned-rival Thomas Jefferson, the New England Federalist suffered a humiliating and life-changing defeat

What was one of the greatest problems that John Adams and

In his last days in office, Adams decided to appoint several judges from the Federalist party in hope of giving the Federalist party some power during the Jefferson administration since Jefferson couldn't appoint new judges unless there were 2 vacancies. It was clearly a partisan move, a bad thing, however it was surprisingly a great move for. Federalists urged the president to find a replacement before Jefferson took office on March 4, 1801. In late January of 1801, Adams filled the vacancy by appointing Secretary of State John. Short answer: Yes. Sort of. Longer answer: Franklin was a member of the convention that drafted the Constitution in 1787. Having taken part in that, his personal dream was that Pennsylvania be the first state to ratify. That didn't happen, since D..

The presidency of John Adams (article) Khan Academ

John Adams (b. on October 30, 1735, in Quincy, Massachusetts) was the second president of the United States.He served from 1797 until 1801 and died on July 4, 1826, at the age of 90. Adams was a member of the Federalist Party. His vice president was Thomas Jefferson.. Adams was a Founding Father of the United States and was one of two future presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence. John Adams was a Federalist and the only president from the Federalist party. The Federalists believed in a stronger centralized government and were..

John Adams: Campaigns and Elections Miller Cente

  1. To John Adams from Pseudonym: A Uniform Federalist, 10 May 1799. Philadelphia May 10th 1799. Sir. While I solicit an excuse for this address, I think it necessary to inform you, that I am one of those, who (altho concern'd with you, in endeavouring to establish a free, firm and energetick Government ever since the year 1774, yet since there.
  2. istration of John Adams, the Federalists attempted to squelch dissent by adopting the Sedition Act, which restricted freedom of speech and the press. Although the Federalist Party was strong in New England and the Northeast, it was left without a strong leader after the death of Alexander Hamilton and retirement of Adams
  3. The Republican victory of 1800 was the beginning of the end of the Federalist Party. For more than a decade, Federalists had held the most powerful positions in the United States government. With the defeat, John Adams became the last Federalist president. The party slowly lost its political clout and dissolved by 1830
  4. Born on October 30, 1735, John Adams was the oldest child of John and Susanna Boylston Adams of Braintree, Massachusetts. Adams's father was a modestly successful farmer who made shoes in the.
  5. John Adams' political party was the Federalists and they opposed the Democratic-Republicans who were led by Thomas Jefferson, his former friend. In the election of 1796, Adams led the Federalist party to victory over Jefferson by a very slim margin to become the second President of the United States
  6. John Adams maintained neutrality throughout his presidency even though it was a popular option in the Federalist party to go to war with France after the XYZ affair. He also avoided war with Great Britain after signing the Jay's treaty, which made the British; give up their forts in the United States' territory, gave US limited trade rights.
  7. John Adams, who has become virtually an asterisk in history books today, in one writer's words, is inadequately celebrated. We should remember Adam's advocacy of the rights, or property, that is the content of our liberty and whose defense is the central reason our government was instituted

Adams and his Federalist Party supporters in Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts under the guise of national security, supposedly to safeguard the nation at a time of preparing for. --John Adams. As we witness yet again the brutal and bloody consequences of religious intolerance in the form of ISIS, we have a majority of Republicans pining for a Christian America. Proponents of converting the United States into a theocracy do not see the terrible parallel between religious excess in the Middle East and here at home, but. In the end, Adams only convinced the Federalist Congress to move toward peace by threatening to resign and thus allow Jefferson to become president! Vilified by his political opponents and abandoned by conservatives in his own party, Adams would be the only one-tern president in the early national period until his son suffered the same fate in.

The Federalist Papers is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym Publius to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution John Adams became the second president of the United States and was the only elected Federalist president. Anti-Federalists were mostly farmers living in small rural areas, and they opposed the Constitution until the Bill of Rights were added Adams was a Federalist (Washington is traditionally held to be without party) and so many of his arguments are the same as those read in the Papers. Much of the Address reads as a résumé. Adams talks about his time as both an ambassador and a vice president FEDERALISTS - Supported a strong federal government - Led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams - Loose interpretation of the Constitution (elastic clause) - Opposed the Revolution and the American support for the anti-monarchy grou

John Adams was born on October 30, 1735 at his family's farm in Braintree, Massachusetts, just south of Boston. Congress, and the political scene in general, was quickly breaking down into two main factions-the Federalists, Adams' party, which supported a strong government, and the Anti-federalists, which supported a weak government and. John Adams 2nd United States President « Previous Next » In office Mar. 4, 1797 - Mar. 4, 1801 V. President Thomas Jefferson Political Party Federalist Personal Info Born Oct. 30, 1735 Died July 4, 1826 (at age 90) Religion Unitarianism School Harvard University Profession Lawyer Signature Wife Abigail Adams Children Abigail Adams Federalist supporters argued that the act embodied a broadly accepted unders tanding of the freedom of speech, which was necessarily balanced by individual responsibility for false statements. At the same time, Federalists acknowledged that the act was aimed at the Republican printers who had been most critical of the Adams administration In the campaign of 1800 the Republicans were united and effective, the Federalists badly divided. Nevertheless, Adams polled only a few less electoral votes than Jefferson, who became President. On November 1, 1800, just before the election, Adams arrived in the new Capital City to take up his residence in the White House

John Adams is a stakeholder at Eimer Stahl in the firm's Chicago and Madison offices. He focuses his practice on appellate and complex litigation in a variety of areas, including antitrust, constitutional law, corporate law, federal jurisdiction, securities, and white collar. His experience reflects representing clients in a diverse range of. The biggest problem that John Adams faced during his presidency was the state of undeclared war that existed between the United States and France. Ever since the conclusion of the Jay Treaty. John Adams was the only Federalist President. George Washington never joined a political party, but his decisions while president usually favored the Federalists. The party ceased to exist at the end of the War of 1812. Numerous Federalists opposed the war because many of these men earned their living through trade Federalist: Spouse(s) Abigail Smith (m. 1764, died 1818) Children Abigail Adams Smith John Quincy Adams Grace Susanna Adams Charles Adams Thomas Boylston Adams Unnamed stillborn Parents John Adams Sr. Susanna Boylston: Education Harvard University (AB, AM) Categories Categories; John Adams; Adams family; Presidents; Vice Presidents; Cabinet of.

John Adams - Presidency, Political Party & Children

John served as a law clerk to U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas from 2006 to 2007 and to Judge David B. Sentelle of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit from 2003 to 2004. Prior to becoming an attorney, John served as a U.S. naval officer, deploying to the Persian Gulf. He led damage control operations on a Ticonderoga Class. During the 1800 presidential elections, Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, and John Adams, a Federalist, were vying for the presidency. John Adams was a Founding Father, the first vice. John Quincy Adams Genealogy. John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States, serving from 1825-1829. The John Quincy Adams family tree includes a father who also served as president; John Adams, was the second U.S. president, and First Lady Abigail Adams was his mother Adams was a New England Federalist who believed in a strong central government. Jefferson was an agrarian Virginia aristocrat. Adams was a political animal to the core

Candidate Adams had broken with the Federalists in the early 1800s and served on various diplomatic missions, including the mission to secure peace with Great Britain in 1814. He represented New England. A second candidate, John C. Calhoun from South Carolina, had served as secretary of war and represented the slaveholding South Manning J. Dauer, The Adams Federalists (1953), and Stephen G. Kurtz, The Presidency of John Adams: The Collapse of Federalism, 1795-1800 (1957), examine Adams's feud with Hamilton and the split within the Federalist party Digital History ID 2978. In 1800, the nation again had a choice between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Federalists feared that Jefferson would return power to the states, dismantle the army and navy, and overturn Hamilton's financial system. The Republicans charged that the Federalists, by creating a large standing army, imposing heavy taxes. The election of 1800 between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson was an emotional and hard-fought campaign. Each side believed that victory by the other would ruin the nation. Federalists attacked Jefferson as an un-Christian deist whose sympathy for the French Revolution would bring similar bloodshed and chaos to the United States John Adams was at the center of the controversial election of 1800. He was a leading constitutional thinker, having published a four-volume study of republics and democracies

John Adams was the dominant influence upon his son throughout their lives. If mutual 6 Fischer, Revolution of American Conservatism, 42-44, 142-155. 7 Quoted in Paul Goodman, The Democratic Republicans of Massachusetts: Politics in a Young Republic (Cambridge, Mass. 1964), 198. John Quincy Adams to John Adams, July 21, 1811, in Ford, ed. Federalist candidates - John Adams and Thomas Pinckney Some New England Federalists didn't like the southerner Pinckney and didn't vote for him Democratic-Republican candidates - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr Result was Adams won the Presidency with 71 votes and Jefferson won Vice Presidency with 6 When the electoral college met after the election, the vote to designate the president resulted in a tie: 73 votes for Jefferson, the same for Burr, with John Adams trailing at 65. The other Federalist candidate, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, actively supported by Hamilton, ran close behind Adams with 64 votes

The Federalist majority in Congress passed the Sedition Act and President Adams signed it into law on July 14, 1798. It was set to expire on March 3, 1801, the last day of the first and—as it turned out—only presidential term of John Adams John Quincy Adams, nicknamed Old Man Eloquent is the sixth President of the United States. Among the presidents, he was the first one to have a former US president as his father. John Quincy was the son of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and Abigail Adams. As such, he had been brought up for a life of public service Partisan rancor over the French Revolution and the Whiskey Rebellion fueled the divide between them, and Federalist John Adams defeated his Democratic-Republican rival Thomas Jefferson by a narrow margin of only three electoral votes. In 1800, another close election swung the other way, and Jefferson began a long period of Democratic-Republican.

Biography of President John AdamsJohn Adams Quote - The Middle Way Is None At AllAmerican History: The First Real Two-Party UJames Madison quote: The purpose of separation of churchJohn Adams, Our Constitution Was Made For A Moral AndJohn Adams timeline | Timetoast timelinesThe Third US President - Thomas JeffersonAlien and Sedition Acts | Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia8 Founding Fathers and How They Helped Shape the Nation

The race between Federalist John Adams and Republican Thomas Jefferson was raucous, bitter, and unpredictable. Historian David McCullough wrote that according to the opposing campaigns, if Jefferson was a Jacobin, a shameless southern libertine, and a 'howling' atheist, Adams was a Tory, a vain Yankee scold, and, if truth be known, 'quite mad. Democratic-Republican Thomas Jefferson defeated Federalist John Adams by a margin of seventy-three to sixty-five electoral votes in the presidential election of 1800. When presidential electors cast their votes, however, they failed to distinguish between the office of president and vice president on their ballots Over the next 12 years, two presidents, George Washington and John Adams, would play the principal role in steering the young nation through these challenges. These Federalist presidents would accomplish a great deal, both domestically and internationally, but by 1800, their party and their policies would be—dun dun dun—rejected by the. The crowded field included John Quincy Adams, the son of the second president, John Adams. Candidate Adams had broken with the Federalists in the early 1800s and served on various diplomatic missions, including the mission to secure peace with Great Britain in 1814. He represented New England